The european ministers of transport have decided to build the european satellite navigation system
The eu transport ministers today decided today to start the galileo satellite navigation system competing with the american gps. The minister of transport thus implemented the decision taken at the eu summit in barcelona 10 days ago.
Since 1994, galileo is located in planning that includes 30 satellites cover the entire globe and with an accuracy of one meter pracier than the gps should be. The decision of the final start of the project estimated to 3.6 billion euros was repeatedly shifted for financial concerns. It was now decided that the seat of the galileo headquarters will be in brussel.
With today’s decision, 1.1 billion euros will be invested in the project in the project to develop the system to realization and test in space. Today, the ministers of transport released 450 million euros, the remainder of the funds comes from the european space residence esa and the eu commission. Germany will participate in total with about 350 million euros. From 2006, then a company should take on further operation to station the satellites on the orbit and to operate the system, which should be functional from 2008. At least two-thirds of the expected 2.5 billion euros should be from the private sector. Whether this is successful, is quite still in the stars. The eu will, if the private investment succeeds, then finance the operation until a lot of doing prices are generated. You expect with quota operating costs of 200 million euros.
While the russian satellite system glonass gives up his spirit, galileo enters direct competition to the american gps. There were already conflicts in advance. Only recently, the us government called the european satellite navigation system as unnecessary. Still under the clinton government in 2000, the military controlled gps was more attractive by setting the signal for civilular use on accuracy between 10 and 20 meters. Previously, from military reasons, the signal for the civil usage had been described for an accuracy of 100 meters. It was also decided at this time to modernize gps through new satellites and services (global positioning system is now more accurate for civil use.
The us fearful economic and military around the previously insulted factual monopoly position. The pentagon had warned the eu from using the same frequency spectrum as the gps at galileo. It is "unacceptable". The american militars suggest that there could be civilian and military uses in the foreground, however, is probably the rupture of being able to make the position signals inherent in crisis times no longer self-accurately enemies about certain regions (usa make prere against galileo).
Already during the war in afghanistan, the pentagon had secured the exclusive rights for the exact images of the commercially operated satellite icon of the crisis region, so that opponents or perhaps the media can acquire these pictures to recognize troop positions or bombed targets (pentagon indicates exclusive rights commercial satellite images from afghanistan again). Position signals are becoming increasingly important for military actions for navigation for vehicles and troops or to control precision weapons.
The eu argues that the signals of galileo were not only more accurate and also covered places in extreme widths, but that navigation is therefore more reliable because galileo’s civilian is operated and so also in times of crisis guarantees. Galileo should be compatible with the gps.
The us foreign office has demanded from the eu to the eu summit in barcelona, which must be sure to ensure that users will be free to decide which system they want to use (us government warns eu because of the planned european satellite navigation symbol. Aubereuropa companies had to receive all necessary information to participate technically and economically. The construction is not absolutely necessary, as the us with the gps the required technology is available to all. Jonathan faull, the speaker of commissionsprasident prodi, rejected the intervention unusually sharp. "We do not make any monopolies", he said, and which is mandatory, the eu itself will decide. From the eu, the rising demand of satellite navigation systems for traffic, but also for mobile communications or for other applications, a gross market for applications expected, which could also result in many new workplaces.